An unrealistic distrust of others or a feeling of being persecuted. Extreme degrees may be a sign of mental illness.
Symptoms of paranoia
Some identifiable beliefs and behaviors of individuals with symptoms of paranoia include mistrust, hypervigilence, difficulty with forgiveness, defensive attitude in response to imagined criticism, preoccupation with hidden motives, fear of being deceived or taken advantage of, inability to relax, or are argumentative.
Cause of Paranoia
The two most common causes of problematic paranoia are mental health problems and drug use. Paranoia can be a feature of many mental health problems, including depression and bipolar disorder, but it is most commonly associated with psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia.
How can paranoia be cured?
Treatment of paranoia is usually via medication and cognitive behavioural therapy. The most important element in treating paranoia and delusional disorder, is building a trusting and collaborative relationship to reduce the impact of irrational fearful thoughts and improving social skills.
Dealing with a paranoid person
Encourage him to follow his treatment program. Speak clearly – Simple sentences and unambiguous words reduce the chance of being misinterpreted.Be accepting, yet firm – Delusions are very real to the person having them. Don’t confront the person about their beliefs or attempt to help him reality-test.
They may mistrust others and remain often in a state of suspicion. Minor feelings of paranoia are common, but severe paranoia can cause significant fear and anxiety and can have a pronounced effect on social functioning.
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