Cit茅 de la Musique 鉂ゐ煄垛潳 ( City of Music )

Within the Philharmonie de Paris, the Museum of Music represents a collection of more than 8,000 instruments and art objects, with almost 1,000 on exhibit in the permanent exhibition space, including national treasures and legendary instruments such as a piano belonging to Chopin and a guitar belonging to Brassens. The museum presents a history of [鈥

Cit茅 de la Musique 鉂ゐ煄垛潳 ( City of Music )

APJ Abdul Kalam – The Missile Man of India

A.P.J Abdul Kalam was born on October 15,1931 to a poor Tamil Muslim family in Rameshwaram ,India. His father’s name was Jainulabudeen and mother’s name was Ashiamma. His mother was a housewife while his father owned a boat and use to take passengers between Rameswaram and Dhanushkodi. The income of the family was solely dependent on his father which was not enough to meet the family’s requirement so
he started working at very early age to support his family. He had done his schooling from Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation school . His grades in school were average but he was told to be a very hard working student. After completing his school he started distributing newspapers in local areas to support his father. Later he took admission in Saint Joseph’s College,Tiruchirappalli ,India from where he graduated in physics in 1954. After his graduation he moved to madras and took admission in Madras Institute of Technology where he studied Aerospace engineering. During his engineering period ,the dean of college ,dissatisfied with
his performance warned him that if he didn’t submitted his project within 3 days then his scholarship will be terminated. Kalam requested for at least a month to which the dean refused.But due to his strong will power and dedication he anyhow successfully completed his project within 3 days for which he was greatly praised by the dean. Kalam wanted to become a fighter pilot in Indian Air Force .

He qualified every test of Indian Air Force (IAF) but at last due to shortage of seats he was not selected and has to drop his dream. He was a man of iron who never lost hope and believed in his caliber . Gradually time went on and who had thought that he would become one of the greatest scientist India ever had , honored by the highest civilian award of India i.e Bharat Ratna and become the 11th president of India. It is no doubt that he is a role model to many scientists ,youth, adults in India and abroad.

Apart from being a scientist ,professor,president etc Kalam was also an excellent writer.He wrote numerous books on motivation,development etc which became very successful. His popular books includes:

1.India 2020:A Vision for the New Millennium: This book focuses on the strength and weakness of India and how it can be transformed to come under the First Four economic powers of the world by the year 2020.

2. Wings Of Fire: This book is an autobiography of Kalam. This book details about his early life, hardships,efforts and eventually becoming one of the most successful scientist India ever had. This book is full of motivation and strongly recommended to every person in the world.

3. Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India: This books is full of inspirational messages from India’s former president A.P.J Abdul Kalam. This book contains ideas for rapid growth of India to realize India’s dream of becoming a developed country. This book is highly recommended to the youth of India.

4.Target 3 Billion: This book focuses on the problems faced by the rural India and suggests method to improve the standard of living in India.

5.Envisioning an Empowered Nation: This book focuses on the use of technology for transforming India into a developed nation by the year 2020.

Get Ready To Live With COVID-19

The last two months have been strange times: COVID-19 brought China鈥檚 economy to near halt and 100 million Chinese were subjected to movement restrictions and intrusive surveillance. Next, case counts exploded in South Korea, Iran, Italy, and Japan. Beginning in January, the U.S. government focused on preventing spread of the disease to the U.S., and for a time that appeared successful. Now clusters have emerged in the Seattle and New York areas, the total U.S. case count has passed 1,000 and there is widespread concern that limited testing in the U.S. has allowed many infected people to remain undetected.

POLAND CORONAVIRUS

These strange times are quite possibly the opening chapter of the new normal. On February 26 (which seems like years ago in COVID time), The Atlantic published an article titled You鈥檙e Likely to Get the Corona Virus, including on an interview with Harvard epidemiology professor Marc Lipsitch. Professor Lipsitch draws stark conclusions:

路     The COVID-19 outbreak will not be containable. Professor Lipsitch made an educated guess in late February that there were already 100-200 infected people in the U.S. and concluded that would be enough to spread the infection broadly. Two weeks later the case count stands at 1,000, and widespread testing in the U.S. is just beginning.null

路     Lipsitch predicts that 40%-70% of global population will become infected with COVID-19 within a year. Yesterday German Chancellor Merkel announced that German experts expect 60%-70% of Germans to be infected.

聽聽聽聽聽Lipsitch emphasizes that the virus is probably less lethal than early reports suggest.聽The 3.4% number reported by the World Health Organization聽is the ratio of known deaths to known infections. The percentage of infected people who will die is hard to estimate now because the total number of infected people is unknown and most of known infections have not resolved. Estimates of the true deaths/infections rate from different experts range from 0.5% and 2%

路     The Atlantic article cites growing belief among epidemiologists that COVID-19 will be similar to the seasonal flu: it will re-emerge annually in the winter and the virus will evolve sufficiently fast that people will not be able to develop long-lasting immunity.

路     And, it argues that development of a vaccine is likely to take 12 to 18 months, with further time required to scale up dose production and administer the vaccine. This assumes development will occur far faster than is typical. Corona viruses like influenza viruses are based on a single strand of RNA. This viral class has a propensity to mutate, requiring constant development of new vaccines, as with the flu.

Seasonal flu is highly infectious, but its mortality rate is low: about 30,000 deaths in the U.S. in a bad flu season. Other coronaviruses cause many cases of the common cold, but they are rarely fatal. These diseases are part of life, and they inspire limited fear. At the other end of the spectrum, viral diseases with high mortality rates, like SARS and MERS, are containable. Infected people become very sick relatively fast and there are very few mild/asymptomatic cases. Patients are quickly identified and isolated, which allows the disease to be contained. These diseases each killed fewer than 1,000 people worldwide.

COVID-19 is uniquely dangerous due to three attributes that make it both hard to contain and quite lethal: 1) it is easily transmitted, 2) there are many undetected disease carriers because symptoms are mild in many cases and they do not appear for up to 12 days, and 3) the mortality rate is high enough to do major damage. If 60% of U.S. population is infected and 1% of infected people die, total deaths in the U.S. would be about 2 million: 800 times the death toll on September 11, 2001.null

How do we go forward with the burden of COVID-19, a disease that could recur annually like the seasonal flu but kill perhaps 100 times more people? How do we deal with a disease that is dangerous to older people but much less so to younger people, who can be carriers of the disease? What is the tradeoff between efforts to contain the disease, which Professor Lipsitch and others argue are futile, and allowing continued economic activity, freedom of movement and association, and freedom from frequent, mandatory blood testing and quarantines? Shutting down national economies and suspending civil liberties is another form of widespread suffering. The movie Gattica portrays a dystopian future in which daily DNA tests are mandatory with those failing the test hustled away.

We are only beginning to understand this. Here are some initial thoughts:

路聽聽聽聽聽Governments will learn to strike a balance between controlling the spread of COVID-19 and allowing individual freedoms and economic activity. As a result, there will be more friction in everyday life. And, unpredictable COVID-19 hot spots plus political pressure on leaders to show action will trigger intermittent strong reactions: lock downs, arbitrary travel bans, widespread quarantines, intrusive screening of people crossing boundaries.

Virtual work will become much more common. Zoom.us will fly even higher.

路     Businesses will become better able to withstand disruptions: supplier shut-downs, sudden employee absences, demand slumps caused by disease outbreaks.

路     Employers will need to give employees more flexibility to avoid travel or take care of sick dependents

路     For many businesses, certification of disease control processes and standards will be a key part of the brand. Government, industry, or specialist certifications will emerge, similar to ISO 9001 or 鈥淯SDA Certified鈥. Companies that host customers send employees to customer premises will need to reassure that their people are carefully tested and monitored.null

路     Travel will 鈥渃ost鈥 more due to the risk of infection and lock-down while traveling as well as the added work airlines, hotels, and restaurants will need to do to minimize infection risk

路聽聽聽聽聽Delivery businesses and take-out (from certified restaurants) will do well. 鈥淐ontactless delivery鈥 is already a thing.

路     Road-warrior work will gravitate to younger people who have less to fear from COVID.  

路     Industries that supply products to help avoid, manage, mitigate or treat COVID-19 infection will do well. The number of hospital rooms will need to grow, and hospital and governments will need reserves of equipment, supplies and drugs.

路     Industries conducting activities that enhance COVID-19 risk will suffer: aviation, hospitality, cruises especially, conventions, etc.

路聽聽聽聽聽We will each be responsible for self-monitoring and reporting COVID-19 status, and for challenging those who appear to be ill. This is particularly true with a disease for which part of the population is at serious risk and another part has much less risk.

聽In the near term, businesses are likely to face, and need to prepare for, a demand slump and liquidity crisis, as the world comes to terms with living in a state of medical siege.

This is a rather dark prediction. Perhaps containment will succeed, technology will ride to the rescue, or COVID-19 will mutate sufficiently slowly that immunity can persist, and a long-lasting vaccine can be created. Right now, there is no strong basis to rely on any of these happy outcomes. We can hope for the best, but we need to prepare for a new set of serious challenges.

Be Healthy

Virus Alive Or Not

Viruses are microscopic parasites responsible for a host of familiar 鈥 and often fatal 鈥 diseases, including the flu, Ebola, measles and HIV. They are made up of DNA or RNA encapsulated in a protein shell and can only survive and replicate inside a living host, which could be any organism on earth. This means no life form is safe from infection by a virus.

So are viruses 鈥榓live鈥? The answer is not as straightforward as you may think.

Since viruses were first discovered in 1892 by Dmitri Ivanovsky, our ideas of what they are have shifted from poisons to biological chemicals. Some years after their discovery, scientists first raised the idea that viruses were living 鈥 albeit simple 鈥 organisms because they caused diseases like bacteria, which we know to be alive.

However, viruses lack the hallmarks of other living things. They don鈥檛 carry out metabolic processes, such as making the energy molecule of life, ATP, and they don鈥檛 have cells and therefore the cellular machinery needed to make proteins by themselves. The only life process a virus undergoes independently is reproduction to make copies of itself, which can only happen after they have invaded the cells of another organism. Outside of their host some viruses can still survive, depending on environmental conditions, but their life span is considerably shorter. This complete reliability on a host for all their vital processes has led some scientists to deem viruses as non-living.

Novel Corona virus

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.  Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face. 

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it鈥檚 important that you also practice respiratory etiquette

Thanks,Care Well

Gregor Mendel

Gregor Mendel, in full聽Gregor Johann Mendel, original name (until 1843)聽Johann Mendel, (born July 22, 1822, Heinzendorf, Silesia, Austrian Empire [now Hyn膷ice, Czech Republic]鈥攄ied January 6, 1884,聽Brunn,聽Austria-Hungur[now Brno, Czech Republic]), botanist, teacher, and Augustinian prelate, the first person to lay the mathematical foundation of the聽science聽of聽genetics, in what came to be called聽Mendelism.

Gregor Mendel was an Austrian scientist, teacher, and Augustinian prelate who lived in the 1800s. He experimented on garden pea hybrids while living at a monastery and is known as the father of modern genetics.

Through his careful聽breeding of garden peas, Gregor Mendel discovered the basic principles of聽hereditary聽and laid the mathematical foundation of the science of聽genetics. He formulated several basic genetic laws, including the law of segregation, the law of dominance, and the law of independent assortment, in what became known as聽Mendelian inheritance.聽

Theoretical Interpretation

Mendel went on to relate his results to the聽cell 聽theory of聽fertilization, according to which a new organism is generated from the fusion of two cells. In order for pure聽breeding聽forms of both the dominant and the recessive type to be brought into the hybrid, there had to be some temporary accommodation of the two differing characters in the聽hybrid聽as well as a separation process in the formation of the pollen聽cells and the egg cells. In other words, the hybrid must form germ cells bearing the potential to yield either the one characteristic or the other. This has since been described as the聽law of segregation, or the doctrine of the purity of the germ cells. Since one pollen cell fuses with one egg cell, all possible combinations of the differing pollen and egg cells would yield just the results suggested by Mendel鈥檚 combinatorial theory.

Mendel first presented his results in two separate lectures in 1865 to the Natural Science Society in聽Brunn. His paper 鈥淓xperiments on plant Hybrids鈥 was published in the society鈥檚 journal,聽Verhandlungen des naturforschenden Vereines in Br眉nn, the following year. It attracted little attention, although many libraries received it and reprints were sent out. The tendency of those who read it was to conclude that Mendel had simply demonstrated more accurately what was already widely assumed鈥攏amely, that hybrid progeny revert to their originating forms. They overlooked the potential for variability and the evolutionary聽implications聽that his demonstration of the recombination of traits made possible. Most notably, Swiss botanist聽karl wilhim von Nagali聽actually corresponded with Mendel, despite remaining skeptical as to the significance of his results and doubting that the germ cells in hybrids could be pure.

International Dance Day聽

International Dance Day聽is a global celebration聽of dance, created by the Dance Committee of the聽International Theater Institute (ITI),the main partner of performing arts of UNESCO. The event takes place every year on 29 April, which is the anniversary of the birth of聽Jean-georges Noverre聽(1727鈥1810), the creator of modern ballet. The day strives to encourage participation and education in dance through events and festivals held on the date all over the world.聽UNESCO聽formally recognize ITI to be the creators and organizers of the event.

In 1982 the Dance Committee of ITI founded International Dance Day to be celebrated every year on the 29th April, the birthday of Jean-Georges Noverre (1727-1810), creator of modern ballet. The intention of the International Dance Day Message is to celebrate dance, revel in the universality of this art form, cross all political, cultural and ethnic barriers, and bring people together with a common language – dance.

“Shiva thandava is the basis of all dance form”

Thank you

The Role of Chemicals in Love

When women fall in love, their bodies also produces norepinephrine and phenylethylamine. These increase focus while creating a sense of euphoria. That鈥檚 why women often become focused on one man to the exclusion of other things when they鈥檙e falling in love. It鈥檚 why everyone, men, and women, feels extra alert waiting for a text message, or why people have trouble sleeping or even thinking about anyone else.

Last, but certainly not least, is oxytocin. Oxytocin is released at various points, including during cuddling and sex. Women produce聽way聽more of it than men. (Men don鈥檛 produce it during orgasm, instead of getting a rush of dopamine, which is why they were less likely to fall in love with someone just because we had sex.) Oxytocin breaks down emotional barriers, making people feel comfortable and getting them to 鈥渄rop their guard.鈥 Oxytocin is what creates that sense of attachment we feel to another person when we鈥檙e falling in love. When they鈥檙e not around, you鈥檙e not producing as much, and so you want more. That鈥檚 why we can sometimes feel 鈥渁ddicted鈥 to the person we鈥檙e dating.

Dopamine, testosterone, oxytocin, norepinephrine, and phenylethylamine all work together to create a feedback loop of love. Sexual pleasure and romantic attachment release the same bundle of chemicals. These chemicals make you give greater attention to their source, while also pushing you to seek out more of the same chemicals. Love (and sex, for that matter) work on the brain much like a drug.

But even if you knew how to get all her chemicals flowing in the right way, that still wouldn鈥檛 be enough to 鈥渕ake鈥 her fall in love with you. Because love isn鈥檛 just chemicals. It鈥檚 also a function of personal history and preferences.

Take care and Have a pleasant day 馃

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